Polydextrose Physiological Function and Effects on Health

21 11 2011Impact of polydextrose on the faecal microbiota: a double-blind crossover placebo-controlled feeding study in healthy human subjects - Volume 108 Issue 3 - Adele Costabile Francesca Fava Henna Ryti Sofia D Forssten Kaisa Olli Judith Klievink Ian R Rowland Arthur C Ouwehand Robert A Rastall Glenn R Gibson Gemma E Walton 08 09 2016Polydextrose: Physiological Function and Effects on Health Mariane Moreira Ramiro do Carmo 1 Julia Clara Leite Walker 1 Daiana Novello 2 Valeria Maria Caselato 3 Valdemiro Carlos Sgarbieri 4 Arthur C Ouwehand 5 Nelson Adami Andreollo 6 Priscila Aiko Hiane 1 and Elisvnia Freitas dos Santos 1 *

Cocoa:Uses Side Effects Dosage Interactions Health

Mental function Evidence on the effects of cocoa for improving mental function is not consistent Some research shows that cocoa might improve some aspects of mental function Other research suggests no benefit Constipation Early research suggests that taking cocoa husks and beta-fructosans daily can reduce hard stools in children with constipation Diabetes Early research suggests that

function of different prebiotics as well as the interactions among and between gut microbiota and the human host would improve our understanding of the effects of prebiotics on health and disease and could assist in surmounting regulatory issues related to prebiotic use J Nutr 142: 962–974 2012 Introduction Adequate intake of dietary fiber is increasingly being recommended by

Bryan Tungland in Human Microbiota in Health and Disease 2018 7 5 6 4 Effects on immune function Polydextrose and other fermentable fibers have been shown to have an impact on promoting immune function via production of SCFA and have influence on several aspects of carcinogenesis particularly by increasing populations of bacteria such as the bifidobacteria that produce cancer protective

22 Hidaka H Hirayama M et al The effects of undigestible fructooligosaccharides on intestinal microflora and various physiological functions on human health Adv Exp Med Biol 1990 270:105-117 23 Den Hond E Geypens B Ghoos Y Effect of high performance chicory inulin on constipation Nutr Res 2000 20:731-736 24 Hunter JO Tuffnell Q

In accordance with this the health potential of prebiotics are wide‐reaching currently including (Gibson et al 2017) the gastrointestinal tract (e g inhibition of pathogens immune stimulation) cardiometabolism (e g reduction in blood lipid levels effects upon insulin resistance) mental health (e g production of metabolites that influence brain function energy and cognition) and

Study 31 Terms

--Polydextrose polyols--Polydextrose is a polysaccharide consists of glucose and sorbitol added to foods as a bulking agent or a sugar substitute poly is neither digested or absorbed by human GI tract but it can be partially fermented by colonic bacteria and does contribute to fecal bulk Polyols--ex polyglycitol and malitol--found in syrups both [polydextrose and polyols] may be

Benefits to Human Health There are many physiological effects of fiber that benefit health They help maintain gut health by offering "food" for the gut's microbes (these are prebiotic fibers) as well as bulk for proper bowel movements Prebiotic fibers include the non digestible part of foods like bananas onions and garlic Jerusalem artichoke the skin of apples chicory root or

Cognitive functions Exposure effects on cognitive functions were investigated in three trials 17 19 20 and two epidemiological studies 24 27 All three trials investigated the effect of UMTS base station exposure but found no effect in a variety of cognitive tests One epidemiological study produced inconsistent results 27 whereas the other showed no exposure effects in several cognitive

The effect estimate demonstrated the overall significant effect of 5 04 points (95% CI: -8 49 − 3 74 p 0 00001) for role activity limitation due to physical health (Qol sub-domain) when comparing aerobic exercise group to controls which can be accepted as moderate evidence The true effect is likely to be close to the estimate of the effect but there is a possibility that it may be

Sugar Beet Fibre – Physiological effects Clinical studies 3 Composition The dietary fibre content in Fibrex is approximately 73% of the product or almost 80% of dry matter when calculating the fibre as the difference after analysis of all other substances (as per 100 g protein 8 g sugar 6 g fat 1 g and ash 4 g) The main fibre types in sugar beet fibre are insoluble hemi cellulose

The FDA approved specific health claims related to the cardioprotective effects of two soluble gel-forming fibers only: β-glucan and psyllium (see Disease Prevention) For adults who are 50 years of age and younger the AI recommendation for total fiber intake is 38 g/day for men and 25 g/day for women For adults over 50 years of age the recommendation is 30 g/day for men and 21 g/day for

These effects were much less than for NSP which increased both wet and dry matter while RS increased dry matter only Overall RS appears to rank alongside other highly fermentable carbohydrates such as legume NSP and pectin fructo-oligosaccharides polydextrose or inulin in its effectiveness

their beneficial physiological effects such as lowering of blood cholesterol improvements in large bowel function and attenua-tion of post-prandial blood glucose and insulin levels Dietary fiber may also be broadly classified according to its solubility The two broad types of fiber are: insoluble and soluble dietary fibers [4] Oats fruit vegetables and pulses are rich sources of

Negative Effects of Sugar on the Brain

Although the brain does require a certain amount of sugar in order to function properly this type is known as glucose and is found naturally in foods like fruits and grains It's fructose sugar that's added to processed foods and beverages that is of far more concern as consuming excess amounts of it can have long-term negative effects—including these five

18 11 2015ZE ET AL : Studies on the effects of polydextrose intake on physiologic funcitons in Chinese people AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION vol 72 no 6 1 December 2000 (2000-12-01) pages 1503-1509 XP002238576 BETHESDA MD US ISSN: 0002-9165 cited in the application TOMOTARI MITSUOKA: Intestinal flora and human health ASIA PACIFIC

function of different prebiotics as well as the interactions among and between gut microbiota and the human host would improve our understanding of the effects of prebiotics on health and disease and could assist in surmounting regulatory issues related to prebiotic use J Nutr 142: 962–974 2012 Introduction Adequate intake of dietary fiber is increasingly being recommended by

secondary function is sensory func-tions eg to provide tastes flavours and texture to food There is now thought to be a third or tertiary function of food This function pertains to regulating the physiological processes of the body and even promoting health In this new dimension in the relation-ship between food and health this

Goals / Objectives PROJECT GOAL: Determine whether formula supplemented with prebiotics and LCPUFA will enhance intestinal health by altering the microbiome improving barrier function and resolution of inflammation to promote intestinal health in a neonatal piglet model SPECIFIC AIMS are to assess the synergistic effects of dietary prebiotics and LCPUFA on: 1

This includes acting as a fuel source for selective fermentation by resident health-promoting microorganisms of the GI tract which are required for protecting against pathogens or to improve intestinal barrier function orchestrate immune pathways and influence brain function [40 41] Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are the main end products of selective fermentation They mediate the

Aging is a highly complex process affecting a wide array of physiological genomic metabolic and it is exceedingly challenging to elucidate and validate the precise health effects and underlying mechanisms and hence a lot more research is still awaited to substantiate the beneficial effects of probiotics and prebiotics in healthy as well as in diseased subjects While the research on

Polydextrose: Physiological Function and Effects on Health by Mariane Moreira Ramiro Do Carmo 1 Julia Clara Leite Walker 1 Daiana Novello 2 Valeria Maria Caselato 3 Valdemiro Carlos Sgarbieri 4 Arthur C Ouwehand 5 Nelson Adami Andreollo 6 Priscila Aiko Hiane 1 and Elisvnia Freitas Dos Santos 1 * 1 Food Technology and Public Health Division Center of Biological Sciences and

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